Greater ManchesterClimate adaptation
IGNITION - Innovative financinG aNd delIvery of naTural clImate sOlutioNs in Greater Manchester
“This funding will play a key role in accelerating our plans to make Greater Manchester a world leading city-region for green, resilient and low carbon living. We will be working with our partners to increase our city-region’s urban green infrastructure by 10%, leading the way in finding financing and delivery solutions that will play a vital role globally in ensuring our cities are adapted to climate change. The Living Lab on the Salford campus will be an amazing visual and technical demonstration of the measures needed by city-regions like Greater Manchester to adapt to the increasing impacts of climate change and more extreme weather. ”
Extreme weather is becoming an increasing part of urban life, whether it is rivers bursting their banks, rain creating standing water after only a relatively modest downpour or heat waves.
And Greater Manchester is no different. In December 2015, 2,250 homes and 500 businesses were flooded, 31,200 properties lost power supply and repairs to infrastructure alone cost €13m. Increased temperatures have also doubled the number of heat stress incidents since the 1950s, affecting vulnerable citizens in particular. And storms now account for over 20% of all weather events.
Like many cities, Greater Manchester is seeing this hazard evolve and intensify as both climate and urban areas change. Indeed, the combined impact of climate change and patterns of new development has meant surface water flooding is now prevalent, accounting for 50% of all floods since 1994, a 10 fold increase in surface water flooding since the 1950’s.
In addressing these challenges and impacts of a more extreme climate, Greater Manchester feels that the solutions lie in substantial retrofit programmes of urban green infrastructure or nature based solutions to combat urban over-heating (provision of shade and evaporative cooling) as well as slowing the flow of excess water caused by extreme weather events.
These nature based solutions will also help to improve air quality, the visibility of the region, increase the level of biodiversity within an urban environment and help to improve the health and well-being of citizens.
It is estimated Greater Manchester requires a 10% uplift in urban green infrastructure by 2038; implementing and funding delivery at the scale and pace required, needs the formation of estimated minimum €10m of investible packages of projects to persuade businesses and organisations to invest in these NBS climate change adaption features.
- Greater Manchester Combined Authority
- Manchester City Council - municipality
- Salford City Council - municipality
- Environment Agency - environmental agency
- Business in the Community - business community representative
- United Utilities - business community representative
- UK Green Building Council - business community representative
- City of Trees - NGO
- Groundwork - NGO
- Royal Horticultural Society - NGO
- Manchester university - higher education and research institute
- Salford university - higher education and research institute
IGNITION will deliver the following results by establishing innovative NBS funding and delivery mechanisms to increase Greater Manchester’s urban green infrastructure (GI) coverage by 10% by 2038:
1. An NBS project identification process, which sets out a full pipeline of projects equating to a 10% increase in Greater Manchester’s urban green infrastructure by 2038 (from a 2018 baseline).
2. A breakdown of the overall pipeline into phases, each valued at €10m+.
3. The development of a range of innovative business models and financing mechanisms which represent the funding required to deliver the project pipeline
4. Increased investor confidence to invest in NBS projects by providing a visible focus that demonstrates the impact of GI on buildings and the real world returns to the public and urban managers and decision makers and investors; focus on the University of Salford’s Campus living lab.
5. Innovative governance, delivery and procurement mechanisms and processes that are capable of increasing Greater Manchester’s capacity to deliver and maintain NBS projects.
October 2019: Version 1 of the city Scale Nature Based Solution project pipeline process will be complete with phase 1 of deliverable set of projects identified
April 2020: funding models and finance mechanism to deliver phase 1 of the Greater Manchester NBS pipeline established.
April to October 2021: Greater Manchester governance and delivery frameworks set up with delivery vehicle for phase 1 of pipeline procured and contracts for funding and delivery signed.
October 2021: Nature Based Innovation centre on the University of Salford Campus installed and matured in it’s role as a visible demonstrator and living test lab of the urban green infrastructure approach to combating climate change.