Expert article
Edit 08 November 2022
by Martha Giannakopoulou

“Ghent knapt op”: An end and a new beginning!

Housing renovation
Housing renovation
Ghent knap Op celebrates the end of a successful innovative project on upgrading and renovating homes of vulnerable citizens 'captive owners'. Although the past two years have been very challenging, with Covid, lockdowns and rising constructions prices, Ghent knap Op achieved 82 housing renovations that upgraded poor quality housing into liveable, healthy and energy efficient homes.

This project provides the answer to the lack of affordable and accessible housing in the City of Ghent. Social housing is limited with long waiting lists and the private rental market unaffordable, small and of poor quality. Homeownership is common in Ghent, as loan charges have been quite low in the past, and many lower income citizens went to great lengths to buy a house which in most cases were in very poor conditions. These homeowners are called ‘captive’ as they are stranded within a difficult situation of very poor living conditions. 

Captive owners with limited disposable income and homes that lacked basic living quality and energy standards took part in this pilot project that also supported them socially through this process. Ghent knap op helped them to take on their renovation by becoming an integral part of the process and therefore improved their self-esteem, self-reliance and social network. Related to this is the fact that 20% of the participants (almost) never had social contacts in their house, but now 37% of the homeowners expect to have more social contacts

“If we don’t support those people who already have a house, they will eventually be forced to sell their houses and end up on the private rental market or the waiting lists for social housing. Through this initiative, we are trying to prevent this from happening.” Derkien De Baets, Project Manager Ghent Knapt Op

A multi-disciplinary group of partners, The City of Ghent, the Public Center of Social Welfare, SAAMO Gent, vzw Sivi, REGent vzw, Domus Mundi vzw, the Catholic University of Leuven, the Ghent University and AP University of Applied Sciences and Arts came together to take on the challenging task of testing this pilot, which successfully concluded in June 2022 with a series of exhibitions and celebrations.

After three years, 82 houses upgraded in different neighbourhoods in the city of Ghent and 82 families changed their lives. Ghent Knapt Op introduces the concept of co-design to participants as part of the renovation process while supporting them technically, financially and emotionally. With the help of social workers from the Public Center of Social Welfare (PCSW) and experienced non-profit partners such as SAAMO Gent and Vzw Sivi, Ghent Knapt Op has provided social support and community engagement during the three-year project. The crucial part of the project is the use of a recurring fund. This fund allows homeowners to finance the renovations nwo and in the future.

 

kitchen

The results;

Ghent knap Ops housing renovations focused on transforming poor homes to become safer and more energy-efficient according to the Flemish Building code. The results had a two-tier performance indicator;

Technically: The most common upgrades were: roof insulation (+/- 60%), new windows or doors (+/- 60%), a new heating system (+/- 50%) or an update of the electric system (+/- 80%). Consequently, these works made a substantial improvement to living quality but also energy efficiency. All homes according to the ‘Energy Performance Certificate’ improved their energy performance from an ‘E-label’ to a ‘C-label’.

Livelihoods: There was a significant impact on the participants’ lives as the houses transformed. The impact studies organised by the research consortium indicate improvements in several areas. After renovation, there was a strong increase in the proportion of residents who are now very happy to be at home, from 49% before the renovation to 81% after the renovation. The overall satisfaction about their house also increased. We can also see that the state of the house improved their self-esteem and confidence.

 

 

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excibition

Ghent knap Op celebrated the renovations with the project participants by creating small neighbourhood events. Project partners with the Communication service of the City of Ghent curated an exhibition with the project results that travelled from area to area in the city, based on the house renovation areas. The Exhibition included presentation panels of all renovations, testimonials and project process. It was a great way to strengthen the social networks again, to exchange experiences and to look at some of the results and the photographic project carried out by one of the groups.

house renovation

‘Ingrid and Patrick bought their own house in Ghent ten years ago. During the past years, they have already renovated the ground floor and they created two cosy bedrooms for their two kids on the upper floors. Three years ago, they welcomed an unforeseen third child into their family, they called him their ‘little bundle of joy’. However, soon it became clear that this child had special needs. The nights became challenging for the entire family, as the autism of the youngest brother dominated all the movements in the house. Ingrid gave up her job in the restaurant to be able to care for their youngest full time, Patrick had to work extra hours in order to pay the bills. The medical costs ran high and the family was struggling to make ends meet. Ingrid and Patrick lost their trust in the support systems of the government because they often didn’t fit their needs and often didn’t receive the much needed support they required. Until Bart, the social counsellor of vzw Sivi, came knocking on their door. Thanks to the renovation carried out by Ghent knap Op, with the help of Ingrid and Patrick themselves, the family’s dark, not insulated attic is transformed into a well-lit, insulated third bedroom plus a stimulus free room for the youngest son. These new spaces definitely help to bring more calm to the household. Half of the participants are households with children. Some participants indicated that some rooms of their house could not be used because of the poor state they were in. But after the renovation, this number has decreased and, in some cases, new rooms were created by insulating and renovating the attic. The testimonial of Ingrid and Patrick are an example of this.’

The City of Ghent approved the continuation ‘as a regular service’ of the Ghent knap Op pilot project that was funded initially by the UIA from city’s budgets. The project demonstrated a great support to the low-income homeowners to improve their housing conditions and an important action to the objectives of the European Green Deal, without excluding the most vulnerable home-owners.

The goal is for 50 participants/houses per year and the project already has 19 participants, one house is already finished. The project has taken on the challenges and lessons learnt from the previous testing and has taken on changes and appropriations to the new program. The new program has included, a broader spectrum of eligibility criteria for vulnerable groups, an increase of budget (it is no longer a fixed budget of 30,000 but a flexible of 15,000 – 45,000 euros) and a broader geographical inclusion.

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