Skilling and reskilling activities are crucial for fostering Just Transitions in European cities. Many UIA projects have developed innovative strategies and programmes to direct the local workforce towards emerging jobs in green sectors, creating new opportunities for young people and unemployed or workers in risk sectors. Even though most of the actions of skilling and reskilling implemented by the UIA cities were not explicitly connected to the Just Transition dimension, these activities were mostly focused on equipping workers or potential entrepreneurs with hard and soft skills which may be useful to develop new green services, products and functions at urban level. In most of the cases, they responded to the twin megatrends of digital innovation and green transformation, developing integrated solutions to upgrade skills to achieve urban policy goals.
However, skilling and reskilling activities have been challenging not only for the end users, but also for the local authorities and the academic and business partners which contributed to shaping them. In most cases these activities have been meshed with existing learning paths or designed to meet new emerging local needs. Upskilling and reskilling workers rapidly has become an effective way to look into the future of local economies, providing useful perspectives on the future of work but also on the evolution towards greener, and more sustainable and inclusive local economies.