Romplumb, Ferneziu, Colonia Topitorilor, Urbis, and Craica sites are reclaimed in Baia Mare under the SPIRE project, becoming strategic green infrastructure integrated into the future network of healthy natural and semi-natural areas within the BM 2050 Master Plan.
The green infrastructure in the city is composed of open public spaces and natural areas, parks and trees, green streets and squares, cycle and pedestrian paths, amongst other spaces. Other elements on a smaller scale that could be envisioned are green roofs, walls, and facades. Over time this network of green infrastructures will generate a wide range of social, environmental, and economic benefits for citizens, improving the urban environmental conditions and delivering a wide range of ecosystem services.
Ecosystems bring vital benefits to citizens, such as protection and enrichment of soils, purification of water and air, and biodiversity conservation. They are also in the frontline of climate change mitigation and reduction of natural disaster risk. They support a green economy and aim to create job opportunities, becoming a cost-effective alternative to traditional “grey” infrastructure.
Fig. 2. Ecosystem services.
Source: Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
In the case of SPIRE and Baia Mare, the supporting services derived from soil protection go beyond expectations in the reclaimed areas since the project itself is remediating the polluted soil. The provisioning services will provide bio-based materials from harvested biomass to be used either as construction material, biofuel, or any other product fuelling new green circular businesses and organizations. The regulating services are essential for climate and health resilience, as the public health consequences of pollution are severe. Finally, the cultural services lean on the new design for the sites through participatory processes, inspiring a new way of understanding and living in the city.