Many companies, craft businesses, hospitals and care facilities depend on skilled foreign workers. The German government therefore created the so-called Recognition Act in 2012 as an instrument to secure the supply of skilled workers in Germany. Before the Recognition Act came into force, only a few skilled migrant workers had the opportunity to have their professional qualifications being assessed. With the Act, for the first time there were procedures that were as uniform and transparent as possible for all professions regulated under federal law. Hence, the equivalent of the foreign vocational qualification to the German qualification can be determined. In many professions, this is a prerequisite for working in that profession or becoming self-employed. This applies above all to regulated professions, such as trade professions requiring authorization, doctors, nurses and pharmacists. The law thus improves the chances for people who have acquired their professional qualifications abroad to be able to work in Germany in their former profession, thus enabling better labor market integration.
Even after the Skilled Workers Immigration Act came into force on March 1, 2020, the recognition procedure is generally a prerequisite for the immigration of skilled workers from third countries to Germany. This applies in particular to professionally qualified specialists and those who wish to work in regulated professions.
For the Home & Care project, this means that support must be provided in particular to those applicants who, due to their previous education, are in principle eligible for one of the pedagogical qualifications offered, but who, due to their migration background, require support in the recognition of their foreign certificates and vocational qualifications.
One lesson learned from the project is that the establishment of close cooperation with already existing counseling centers or information centers that provide support and information on recognition is indispensable for municipalities implementing such a project.
In addition, persons with a migration background are often not sufficiently informed about existing qualification opportunities in the pedagogical field. A lack of information about training paths, requirements and application procedures can lead to potentially suitable individuals not considering these opportunities or not knowing how to apply. The City of Landshut has learned that it needs to play a more active role in providing information about education and training opportunities.