“The cumulative scientific evidence is unequivocal: Climate change is a threat to human well-being and planetary health. Any further delay in concerted anticipatory global action on adaptation and mitigation will miss a brief and rapidly closing window of opportunity to secure a liveable and sustainable future for all.”
As the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPPC) report makes clear, our planet is on fire. The luxury of debating time has passed, and the mounting evidence makes it clear that the time to talk has been replaced by the time to act. In Europe, where most citizens live in urban areas, cities are in the front line of designing and implementing climate change adaptation and mitigation actions.
As Europe’s urban laboratory, the Urban Innovative Actions Initiative (UIA) supports cities to develop and implement innovative solutions to the most pressing urban problems. Many of these are focused on topics directly related to the climate emergency within the framework of sustainable urban development, such as Climate Adaptation, Energy Transition, Air Quality and Jobs and Skills.
This report is one of a series of final written outputs focused on the contribution UIA cities are making to jobs, skills, business, and Just Transitions. It is the result of a process that began with a high-level scan of all 86 UIA projects which identified 24 highly relevant city cases. Their challenges, interventions and experiences were then explored through a survey conducted in autumn 2021 followed by a series of city hearings through November and December 2021.
A series of ‘key witness’ organisations was also undertaken. These have included agencies directly focused on the issue of jobs and skills as well as others with a wider remit touching upon it. The UIA Permanent Secretariat assembled a Sounding Board of relevant organisations to help guide the overall process and their comments have also been hugely helpful.
 IPCC, Climate Change 2022, Impacts, adaptation and Vulnerability (February 2022)
 The 14 UIA Topics closely mirror the themes of the Urban Agenda for the EU Partnerships
 It is important to note that none of the UIA projects had a specific focus on Just Transitions. Instead, they were grouped under the 14 UIA topics, which include Climate Adaptation, Energy Transition, Air Quality and Jobs and Skills.
 The list of UIA cities, Sounding Board members and key witnesses that have been part of the process are available in the Appendix section of the online report.